Authors: M. Malinauskas, A. Gaidukeviciute, V. Purlys, A. Zukauskas, I. Sakellari, E. Kambouraki, A. Candiani, S. Pissadakis, R. Gadonas, A. Piskarskas, C. Fotakis, M. Vamvakaki, and M. Farsari.
We present our investigations into the direct laser writing of a novel germanium-containing hybrid sol-gel photosensitive material for optical applications at micro scale. We employ this material in the fabrication of photonic micro-structures, such as aspheric lenses and prisms; they are well-shaped and provided good optical performance. The material exhibits good transparency and structurability, and three-dimensional structures with sub-100nm resolution are achieved. We demonstrate the suitability of the direct laser writing method for the rapid production of custom shaped microoptical components. Since germanium glasses are widely used in fiber optics, the combination of direct laser writing with this specially designed, functional material open an interesting way in fabricating structures for controlling light flow.
© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Laser 3D nanofabrication; Microoptics; Polymerization; Multifunctional devices; Fiber optics; Hybrid materials; Integrated systems; Germanium